Monday, February 9, 2009

The origin of the candy cane

OK, I know it's not Christmas. But sometimes at work, I have drawn things that never got published. Like back in December, I drew several toys and other Christmas-related items, and they never got published. So, I thought to myself, "What can I use them for? I mean, after all, I did spend time drawing them, so I might as well use them for something." And, since I have recently been having a hard time coming up with blog articles (when I first started this blog, I would have material lined up for months in advance, but now, it's getting harder to come up with stuff), I thought, 'Why not try to use some of the graphics I drew in some blog articles?' I remembered that, during Christmastime, there are e-mails that go around that tell the origin of the candy cane, and, since I drew a candy cane a couple months ago, I figured I would use that as a start. So, here we go. The below article is from ChristianHistory.net.

Raising Cane
The origins of the candy cane.
Elesha Coffman | posted 8/08/2008 12:33PM
from ChristianHistory.net


"Lately we've been getting a lot of e-mails inquiring about the origins of various Christmas customs. We'll take a look at some of these legends, starting with the candy cane.

From searching the Web on "candy cane story," I learned that the confection's conception is a very hot topic among Christians. On countless homepages, as well as in several gift books, every facet of the cane's construction was attributed spiritual significance.

According to most of these sources, a faithful Indiana candymaker developed the treat as a witnessing tool. The candy is hard because God's church is founded on the rock, white because of Jesus's purity (or his virgin birth), peppermint flavored as a reference to cleansing hyssop, and curved to represent a shepherd's staff and/or the letter "J" for Jesus. Accounts vary regarding the red stripes, though they all agree that red stands for Christ's blood. Depending on which story you read, three small stripes might represent the Trinity, or small stripes could mean the stripes by which we're healed, or our small sacrifices in comparison to Christ's ultimate sacrifice (represented by a large stripe). One site even suggested that the green stripe sometimes featured reminds us that Jesus is a gift from God, though why green signifies a gift I don't know.

The motivation for candy cane apologetics can be seen in a quote from one of the sites: "Doesn't it seem strange that something we often see as unimportant and insignificant can be turned into something so vibrant, so important, simply by knowing its origin?" Of course, the same site proclaims that candy canes were originally a code between English Christians in the seventeenth century, when all public religious symbols were banned. That's simply not true, and neither are most of the other stories.

So where did candy canes come from? Tradition holds that in about 1670, the choirmaster at Cologne Cathedral was frustrated by fidgety kids at the living Nativity. He had some white, sugar-candy sticks made to keep the youngsters quiet. The sticks were curved like shepherds' staffs in honor of the shepherds at the stable (score one for the apologists). The idea caught on, and candy sticks became common at living Nativities all over Europe.

In 1847, a German-Swedish immigrant named August Imgard put candy canes on his Christmas tree in Wooster, Ohio. The sweets gained popularity here, too, and around the turn of the century, they assumed their now familiar properties of red stripes and peppermint flavoring. (Though these elements might have been added for symbolic purposes, there's no evidence to confirm that theory.)

In Albany, Georgia, in the 1920s, a candymaker named Bob McCormack made canes as special treats for family and friends, but the confections were difficult to mass-produce. Then, in the 1950s, Bob's brother-in-law Gregory Keller, a Catholic priest, invented a machine to speed up the process. Other members of the McCormack family worked on new packaging to keep the canes from breaking in transit, and Bob's Candies (www.bobscandies.com) became the world's leading candy cane producer.

So yes, the candy cane's origin was Christian. But it was almost certainly not designed to be the tasty theological treatise it's now purported to be. As Barbara "the cane mutiny" Mikkelson posted on the Urban Legends Reference Pages (www.snopes2.com/holidays/xmas/cndycane.htm), "It's charming folklore at best, and though there's nothing wrong with Christians now finding (and celebrating) symbolism where there wasn't any before, there is something wrong with myths being presented as fact." For the sake of history, I have to agree with her."


I drew this candy cane in Adobe Illustrator.

6 comments:

satire and theology said...

Very good.

An original theological post.

'So where did candy canes come from? Tradition holds that in about 1670, the choirmaster at Cologne Cathedral was frustrated by fidgety kids at the living Nativity. He had some white, sugar-candy sticks made to keep the youngsters quiet. The sticks were curved like shepherds' staffs in honor of the shepherds at the stable (score one for the apologists). The idea caught on, and candy sticks became common at living Nativities all over Europe.'

Personally I find them far too sweet.

Also it reminds me of giving someone the hook when they have been on stage too long, or if one has been commenting too long....uhhhh.

Jeff said...

Thanks, Russ.

You find them too sweet? I don't really get much into candy canes myself, because I don't really care much for any hard candy. I can eat them, but to me, they're nothing special. If I had to eat hard candy, I would prefer butterscotch. In fact, I'm not much of a candy person generally, but if I had to choose a favorite, I think Peanut M&M's would probably be at the top of the list. Then maybe candy corn or Milk Duds or Hershey's Kisses or Chocolate Mints or something like that.

Also it reminds me of giving someone the hook when they have been on stage too long, or if one has been commenting too long....uhhhh.

LOL!

Well, this article was partially to address those e-mails that go around that falsely claim all sorts of things concerning the origin of candy canes. There are so many scams, bogus e-mails, fraudulent e-mails, and e-mail hoaxes going around, and many people fall for them.

Eric said...

In my recently published novel for pre-teens, Ian, the main character, is one of Santa's helpers. He is charged with doing lots of research of Christmas customs around the world. He missed your great post but I'm sure he would like it added to his website!

All the best!
Eric Dana Hansen
Author of "IAN, CEO, North Pole"
http://www.ianceonorthpole.com

Jeff said...

Thank you, Eric!
You can find the same information at this website:
http://www.christianitytoday.com/ch/news/2004/cane.html

Greg said...

Thanks for the history lesson, Jeff. I guess this just goes to show that you can't believe everything you read.

Your Adobe Illustrator pictures are amazing!! Pretty photo-realistic.

Jeff said...

Greg,

Yeah, there are too many e-mail hoaxes that are still circulating, so this is to address at least one of them.

Thanks, Greg!